|Authors:||Torkel Bjørnskau, Frode Longva|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-0964-1|
Lack of an adequate safety culture was identified as a major cause of the Chernobyl accident. An organization with good safety culture has strong focus and high value on safety. Safety culture has rarely been studied in the transport sector. The report presents the results of surveys conducted among airline and helicopter pilots, bus and rail drivers in order to map and compare their safety culture. Aviation was shown to exhibit the best safety culture followed by rail transport. Bus companies were shown to have the poorest safety culture. There were strong links between safety culture and own safety behaviour, the work environment and job-related sickness absence. There were also close links between adherence to rules and instructions at work and self-reported accidents and incidents at work.