Market mechanisms are increasingly being used in all parts of the passenger transport system; for transport services as well as for the development and maintenance of infrastructure.
Simultaneously, significant structural changes are taking place, in terms of politial reforms, the creation of urban environmental agreements and increased delegation of responsibilities to the regional/county level. Also, new technology affects both markets, travel behavior and the need for regulation.
The research area Markets and Governance develops knowledge that will contribute to meeting these changes. This includes state-of the-art knowledge, optimal design of reforms/regulations - and studies on the effects of these changes.
Different objectives in passenger transport must be met with appropriate means. Knowledge on passengers' preferences and how they react to different characteristics of travel options is a key prerequisite for designing appropriate measures. This also applies to knowledge on how actors adapt to different competition regimes and conditions of competition.
Within the research area we have a strategic institute project: Competition in passenger markets - governance, regulation and efficiency.