|Authors:||Knut Veisten, Nils Fearnley, Rune Elvik|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-2223-7|
The level of operation and maintenance of areas for cycling and walking, along with the infrastructure standard as such, will signal what importance society attaches to these modes of transport. Operation and maintenance may affect accident risk, travel time, travel comfort, or other welfare-related elements. For economic analysis there is a sparse base of quantified impacts, as well as a lack of quantified associations between impacts and operation/maintenance levels. Example calculations indicate that lighting on cycle/walk infrastructure and reduction of the extent of slippery surfaces in winter conditions may be economically viable measures, depending on the effects on travel time, the number of cyclists/pedestrians at the outset, and diverted travel from other transport modes. Knowledge gaps need to be filled before more complete economic analyses can be carried out. Primarily there is a need for establishing linkages between quantified levels of operation and maintenance levels, road conditions, and consequences for cycling/walking.