|Authors:||Alena Katharina Høye, Rune Elvik|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-0750-0|
This report describes the risk of accidents and injuries for pedestrians and cyclists, factors affecting the risk of these accidents, and measures to reduce the probability and severity of these accidents. The risk of pedestrian accidents is ca. 10 times greater than the risk for motorized road users. Safety measures are effective in reducing the risk for pedestrian and cyclist accidents when one or more risk factors are reduced, e.g. vehicle speed or lack of visibility of pedestrians and cyclists in the traffic environment. Increasing the amount of walking and cycling may increase the total number of pedestrian and cyclist accidents, but would decrease accident risk and would lead to a more fair distribution of injury rates between non-motorized and motorized road users.