|Authors:||Erik Carlquist, Kjell Werner Johansen|
Public transport is undergoing rapid change, in Norway as well as in most other European countries. Ownership structures and operations of the public transport industry in various countries are closely related to the legal frameworks chosen by the respective governments. Therefore, changes in corporate competition and ownership, as well as cost levels and socio-economic effect, are all consequences of changes in legal and financial structures. Our analysis of the variety of existing frameworks for public transport in urban and regional areas in Norway reveals a complex picture of the sector. We have conducted research on company restructuring, efficiency gains, market effectiveness and contractual forms. The aim of this report is to present a summary of our key findings and compare our findings to similar analyses of other countries.