|Production of THINK City at Valmet Automotive. Photo: Think
For these vehicles a massive transition to electric engines can result in an up to a 97 per cent reduction in CO2 emissions and up to 76 per cent reduction in energy use per transport unit. The potential for energy efficiency improvements and reductions in CO2 emissions per transport unit in aviation is estimated at maximally 67 per cent between 2004 and 2050.
The potential for reduced CO2 emissions per passenger and tonne km in the same period is estimated at maximally 42 per cent for heavy vehicles and 34 per cent for ships, while for rail the CO2 emissions can be eliminated with a completely developed electrification. This report presents energy use and CO2 emissions per tonne km and passenger km in Norway from 1994 to 2004 and 3 different scenarios for 2020, 2035 and 2050.
Energy efficiency and CO2 Emissions in the Norwegian transport sector 1994-2050. TØI-report 1047/2009. Authors: Harald Thune-Larsen, Rolf Hagman, Inger Beate Hovi, Knut Sandberg Eriksen. language: Norwegian with English summary.