|Authors:||Fridulv Sagberg, Michael Wøhlk Jæger Sørensen|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-1380-8|
Based on the ”vision zero” of preventing road accidents leading to death or permanent injury, an analysis of severe road accidents in urban areas (speed limit 50 km/h or less) showed that the main challenge is pedestrian and bicycle accidents. More than two-thirds of fatalities in urban areas are pedestrians or bicyclists. About one-half of pedestrian fatalities occur at marked pedestrian crossings. A review of both conventional and some innovative countermeasures showed that a considerable reduction of ”vision zero” accidents can be achieved by more extensive use of conventional measures like speed management, enhanced visibility and improved design of crossing facilities for vulnerable road users. Additional safety improvement may be obtained by some new countermeasures that have been tested in other countries, or that exist only as ideas. Some of these measures should be assessed for potential implementation in Norway.