|Authors:||Olav Eidhammer, Jardar Andersen|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-1157-6|
Objectives of the study were to summarize the effects and experiences of measures that contribute to reduced emissions in cities. The study indicates that the most effective is multiple initiatives with consolidation center(s) dedicated for deliveries to specific zones in the city coupled with requirements on use of environmentally friendly goods vehicles. Electric vehicles or freight bikes, trucks with Euro VI engine or fossil fuel to be used for last mile distribution. The municipality can contribute to reduced emissions by combining their own purchases and shift to electric or Euro VI vehicles in their own vehicle fleet. Other measures that contribute to reduced emissions is zero-emission zones, increased number of loading - unloading bays and increased use of evening and night deliveries. Collection points for e-commerce deliveries and use of ITS information with real-time information about traffic and infrastructure are other solutions that provide significant effects. To ensure that the most cost-effective measures is prioritized a separate Sustainable Urban Logistic Plan (SULP) should be established.