|Authors:||Øystein Sand, Bjørn Gjerde Johansen, Askill Harkjerr Halse, Svein Olav Sæter|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-1955-8|
This report contains (1) an historical account of road toll collection in Norway and (2) a documentation of a dataset with historical toll gates, rates and regulations in the period 2005-2021. A complete dataset of this kind has not been available until now. We focus particularly on the toll cordons in the four largest urban areas, but the data set also contains toll rates in all remaining toll gates. The data show that both the number of toll gates and the toll level have increased over time. In recent years, the discount for electric vehicles and other zero-emission vehicles has been reduced. Detailed historical data of this kind can be used to study a number of transport economic issues, for instance related to travel demand, Pigouvian taxation, electric vehicle incentives and distributional effects. We encourage those who are interested to use the data and contact us if you notice any errors or irregularities.