|Sunniva Frislid Meyer
|ISBN (digital version):
Transport accidents involving dangerous goods may lead to leaks, fires and explosions. To prevent such adverse events international regulations for transport of dangerous goods have been established. This report compares the rules for transport of dangerous goods by road with similar rules for transport of dangerous goods by sea. The comparison shows that the regulations governing the classification, packaging and labeling of dangerous goods are quite similar, whereas the accessibility of rules, training requirements, vehicle- and vessel requirements and loading requirements differ. These differences can lead to distortion of the competition between the transport modes. Both the probability and the consequences of an accident is probably greater for transport by road than by sea. Societal safety concerns therefore suggest that any distortion of competition between sea and road should favor transport of dangerous goods by sea.