|Authors:||Tor-Olav Nævestad, Vibeke Milch|
|ISBN (digital version):||978-82-480-2316-6|
Full report - in Norwegian only
The present study examines the relationship between economical driving and road safety among trucking companies. We first test the relationship between economical driving and traffic safety at the driver level. We find that drivers with high scores in the fleet management systems have a lower accident risk than drivers with lower scores. We assume that this is because an economical driving style is often the same as a safe driving style, because it is defensive, controlled, calm and anticipatory, and because the fleet management system rewards both safe and economical driving. We then test the relationship between economical driving and traffic safety at the organizational level. Results indicate a lower accident risk for companies at level 3 in the Eco ladder for goods transport on long-distance and regional transport. The relationship between economical driving and traffic safety at the company level is due to the fact that the companies at the top of the Eco ladder have a large proportion of drivers with high scores in the fleet management system. We also discuss potential conflicts between economical driving and traffic safety.