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Industry structure and freight transport development

Authors: Inger Beate Hovi, Arild Vold, Jardar Andersen, Viggo Jean-Hansen
Report nr: 756/2004
ISBN: 82-480-0469-4
Language: Norwegian
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There has been a continuous increase in freight flows on road, contemporary to increased transport distance, from 1993 to 2003. Consequently there has been a continuous and strong increase in transport work for road from 1993 to 2003. Freight road transport has been more efficient. From 1997 to 2002 traffic work have been reduced for trucks with payloads over 3,5 tons, because of reduced empty driving, increased vehicle sizes and capacity utilization. The result has been reduced transport costs per tonne km that leading to increased road transport, because the extension of centralisation is affected by transport cost level. An introduction of MCP in freight transport marked would lead to a general cost increase for the buyer of transport. The result is increased seaborne transport and transport work in total. Higher fees in urban than rural areas, gives a motivation for trucking transport to take a longer way round to drop road links with higher fee.


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