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Economic efficiency and regional equity concerns

Authors: Askill Harkjerr Halse
Report nr: 1739/2019
ISBN (digital version): 978-82-480-2287-9
Language: Norwegian
Attachments Summary
Hele rapporten

This reports gives a review of knowledge regarding how to analyze and assess distributional effects of large government investment projects, with a particular emphasis on geographic equity. The United Kingdom and Sweden have quite detailed guidelines on analyzing distributional impacts in project appraisal, while Norway lack this. There is a large literature on transport and distributive justice, but this considers other dimensions than geography. Studies of citizens’ preferences and of actual decisions however suggest that regional (re)distribution is important. If geography is to be assessed as a dimension of equity, this should be linked to the stated goals of Norwegian regional policy. The regional policy index captures to what extent an area has challenges that are typical for rural and remote areas and which call for targeted policies. The report gives recommendations on underlying principles that should be addressed when developing Norwegian guidelines for analyzing and assessing equity effects.


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