The number of person-kilometres by passenger car increased by 2.6 per cent in 2007, while the number of passenger-kilometres in public transportation showed a lower increase, 1.8 per cent.
Around 87 per cent of all passenger transport in Norway is by road. Air transport accounted for 6 per cent of the transport volume and rail transport (railroads and tramways) accounted for about 5 per cent.
The increase in freight transport in 2007 is estimated at 1.4 per cent. There was a marked upward trend for all modes; especially rail and air transport.
Preliminary figures from the national accounts show that the gross domestic product (GDP) and consumption in private households rose by 3.7 and 6.4 per cent, respectively in 2007. This implies a growth in both GDP and private consumption that is slightly higher than the average over the last five years.
Annual population growth was about 1.2 per cent in 2007.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased by 0.8 per cent in 2007 compared to 2006. Petrol prices increased on average by 2.5 per cent in 2007.
Transport Volumes in Norway 1946-2007 TØI report 979/2008
Author: Arne Rideng and Liva Vågane