|Red, yellow or green? An active use of indicators of the drivers behind the cities’ mobility patterns and transport emissions provides a broader picture of the political action space.|
The Institute of Transport Economics (TØI) has developed an indicator set for urban transport and environment illustrating the driving forces behind the development in transport volumes and modal split, the environmental and climate footprint, and the transport and environment policy performance.
Our indicator relationships show: that the growth in transport emissions is inversely proportional to population and income growth, to the service sector share and to the level of education. Thus, urbanisation both in terms of physical, economic and sociocultural factors is essential for more sustainable mobility patterns. A wide scope of knowledge on the driving forces for urban mobility and transport emissions provides a broader picture of development trends and policy options.
The indicator set is based on available and regularly updated data for Norwegian cities – from Statistics Norway’s web-site and TØI’s regular national travel surveys.
An active use of indicators of the drivers behind the cities’ mobility patterns and transport emissions provides a broader picture of the political action space. Indicators alert and reveal the key areas where policies and measures are to be put in place.
Transport data for calculated greenhouse gas emissions at city level and for local emissions still need improvement to be more easily available. In the quantification of environmental goals in transport policy, increasing emphasis is put onon the indicator relationships and distance-to-target indicators.
Sustainable urban mobility indicators - relationships and comparisons. TØI report 1210/2012. Editors: Vibeke Nenseth, Petter Christiansen, May Hald. Language: Norwegian with English summary