Transporting people and freight generate a considerable amount of local exposures, and about one third of Norwegian emissions of greenhouse gases.
Real emissions from diesel cars exceed substantially the type approval values – See “Dieselgate”. Norway needs to continue measuring vehicle emissions under Nordic colder climate conditions and realistic urban driving cycles. Norway is the world leading pilot area for electro-mobility and our research of international interest.
Are the billions spent on noise insulation and prevention by road, railway, and air-port authorities to satisfy Norwegian zoning limits effective use of public funding? The consequences of restrictive regulations should be assessed to see which type of efforts are effective, and socio-economically advantageous.
Cars sharing, and urban bicycle solutions stimulate to more environmental friendly, flexible and integrated mobility solutions. A micro-city approach can contribute to the transformation of today’s car-dependent suburbs.
Climate change alters the probabilities natural hazards. It is the secondary natural hazard impacts that have the gravest consequences, and resilience building efforts should target second and third affected tiers, and their stakeholders.
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Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles provide substantial environmental advantages compared with comparable Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles.
Plug-in hybrids drive electrically with power from the grid 55% of the time. Battery electric vehicles are driven more in total and in everyday traffic.
Emission measurements conducted by TØI in in collaboration with VTT in Finland show that new Euro 6 cars with diesel engines are struggling with too high NOx emissions in real traffic. After Volkswagen has admitted cheating in emission tests in the United States by making its cars appear more environmentally friendly than they are, our study is no less relevant for a European context.
Institute of Transport Economics is a partner in the project Awareness raising on climate change adaptation measures in the Czech towns using the Norwegian experiences.
The potential for reducing the CO2 emissions from domestic Norwegian transport within the 2050 horizon has been analysed. Under strongly optimistic assumptions, a 60 per cent decrease compared to the 2010 level may be envisaged.
The Norwegian Parliaments target to reduce new passenger vehicles average CO2-emission to 85 g/km (type-approval value) in 2020, can be achieved by reforms in the vehicle registration tax.
Indicators performing and alerting essential trends and correlations between driving forces, transport factors, environmental changes and policy performance are increasingly important for planning and policymaking.
Indicators presenting the interaction between environmental and societal development play an increasingly important role in environmental policymaking.